The Role of Institutional Ownership in Moderating the Determinants of Earnings Management (A Study on Manufacturing Companies in Indonesia)

Novendi Arkham Mubtadi(1*), Eka Riyani Setiawan(2),

(1) Department of Sharia Accounting, Faculty of Islamic Economics and Business, IAIN Pekalongan
(2) Department of Accounting, Faculty of Economics and Business, University of Peradaban
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


The purpose of this study is to examine the effect of deferred tax expense, tax planning, and managerial ownership on earnings management moderated by institutional ownership in manufacturing companies listed on the Indonesia Stock Exchange (IDX) in 2015-2018. The number of research samples is 16 companies. The sampling technique used in the study is purposive sampling method. This study uses multiple linear regression analysis and Moderated Regression Analysis (MRA) assisted by the IBM SPSS 24 program. The results of this study show that deferred tax expense and managerial ownership haveno effect on earnings management, while tax planning has an effect on earnings management. Institutional ownership is not able to moderate the effect of deferred tax expense and managerial ownership on earnings management, but institutional ownership is able to moderate the effectof tax planning on earnings management. The limitation of this study is that the measurement technique used for earnings management is only accrual earnings management. In addition, researchers do not measure earnings management from real earnings management techniques so that the results obtained cannot explain the extent of deviations from normal business practices. The results of this study are expected to provide considerations for potential investors who wish to invest in a company so that they do not experience losses on their invested capital. Company managers are expected to be able to reconsider everything so that there will be no more fraud that can cause losses to the company and have a bad impact in the future.


Keywords


Deferred Tax Expense; Tax Planning; Managerial Ownership; Institutional Ownership; Earnings Management

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21532/apfjournal.v6i1.193

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